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The Path Forward

Additional Information

Alberta must be allowed to take immediate actions to exercise equality in Confederation. We support Premier Jason Kenney’s initial efforts in this regard, as his government’s Fair Deal panel explores the creation of a provincial revenue agency, withdrawing from the Canada Pension Plan, establishing a provincial police force, and other measures. These measures could give Alberta greater autonomy while creating leverage and awareness of the need for greater structural reform. 


But we must go further. Much further.


Structural Solutions


To rectify some of these critical injustices we have given serious thought to several structural reforms. This list is meant to be a starting point, not an exhaustive list. In addition to acknowledging the issues discussed above, any leader concerned about the unity of Canada must commit to immediate, concrete action to rectify the historical inequities of Confederation. We encourage everyone to see this as a starting point, to add to this list, and to build upon it. We also encourage every Canadian who is concerned about the future of our Confederation to participate and share their solutions to the issues we have raised.


1) Recognize Alberta is not an equal partner in Confederation.


2) Balance representation in Parliament to ensure unique regional interests, like those in Alberta, are safeguarded. Whether it be through Senate reform or otherwise, we must balance the current representation by population with an elected element of regional representation to create fairness in the federation and ensure all parts of the country know their voice will be heard no matter who is in power.

  • As the Constitution will need to be reopened to accomplish the critical change above, the federal government must, as an interim measure, immediately commit in legislation to only appoint Senators elected through the process in place in Alberta to do so.


3) Recognize Alberta – or Buffalo - as a culturally distinct region within Confederation. Promote awareness of the same.
 

4) Acknowledge, in the House of Commons, the devastation the National Energy Program caused to the people of Alberta.
 

5) The status quo of the Equalization program is fueling western alienation. Many are asking for the elimination, or the phase out, of the Equalization program in addition to retroactively lifting the cap on the Fiscal Stabilization Fund, which is already supported by all provinces and territories. An immediate change to the Equalization program should include treating all resource revenues in each province/territory the same under the program. These changes would acknowledge that programs like the Canada Health Transfer and the Canada Social Transfer already provide equitable stable funding for provincial social programs, would ensure all regions are treated equally, and would serve to remove disincentives for provinces to improve their fiscal situations.


6) Retrench and clarify free-trade provisions in Canada in the Constitution.


7) Constitutionally entrench resource projects as the sole domain of the provinces. 


8) In the event Alberta begins to collect its own taxes, enable the province to also collect federal taxes and remit the federal share to Ottawa.  


9) Enact structural change within Canada’s federal government to ensure all regions have a voice within its political and justice system, including:

  • Mandate proportional regional equity within the federal public      service and within the various departments and agencies, especially at      senior levels.
  • Remove the requirement that federal judges must live in the Ottawa      region.
  • Mandate federal consultation processes to be regionally equal, so that      provinces like Alberta are no longer undermined by proximity advantages      held by Eastern-based lobbyists and interests.
  • Work towards greater equality of regional representation on all      parliamentary and cabinet committees. In Cabinet, where no representation      from the governing party exists, establish a formal cabinet consultation      process with members of the Opposition. 


10) Mandate regional balance in all federal infrastructure funding programs.


11) Mandate equitable regional distribution of funding to arts and culture as part of federal spending programs. Ensure Western art is prominently displayed in national museums.


12) Recognize rural areas of Western Canada are isolated from the power structures of urban Eastern Canada and face unique challenges. This means creating a formal consultation requirement to ensure their voices have equal import in policy related to economic development, rural crime, and firearms ownership. Repeal any policies with detrimental impacts regarding the same.


Policy Solutions


The structural inequities above have perpetuated serious policy issues, which need to be addressed immediately to restart Alberta’s economic engine so it can fulfill its potential and continue to be contribute to the success of our country.


1) Restore investment stability in Alberta’s energy sector by formally acknowledging and promoting Alberta’s energy sector as a source of sustainably produced energy.

  • Recognize the contributions of Albertans and Alberta industry to the global green technology ecosystem.
  • Repeal legislation punitive to our energy industry and its workers.
  • Uphold the rule of law in the build-out of approved and future energy projects.
  • Allow the Teck Frontier mine to proceed, given it has passed years worth of world class, credible, rigorous, arms length environmental review.
  • Move forward with a plan to build a national energy corridor.
  • Ensure regulatory and taxation frameworks prevent foreign produced energy from displacing Alberta energy within Canada within an open market economy. 


2) Immediately table a plan to see the reversal of agricultural trade restrictions with countries such as China, India, and the United States that have had a disproportionate negative impact on Western Canada. 


3) Immediately table a plan to protect the integrity and essential services provided by Canadian infrastructure such as rail, pipelines, and highways to ensure Canadian commodities have access to global markets.


4) Table a plan to restore confidence in our agriculture and agri-food sector by exempting agriculture and agri-food from carbon pricing and provide producers credit for their carbon sequestration and conservation efforts.


5) Enable greater access for Western-based journalists to the Parliamentary Press Gallery to ensure widespread coverage of issues facing Alberta within the national news narrative. 

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